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The verb "to be"

Verbs are words that describe an action or a state. For example: to go, to run, to be, to have.
The verb "to be" is the most important verb in the English language. These are the forms of the verb "to be":
Singular:
  • I am
  • You are
  • He, She, It is
Plural:
  • We are
  • You are
  • They are
 
Choose the correct form of "to be":
 
 
  1. They 
     tired.

     
  2.  thirsty.

     
  3. He 
     on the plane.

     
  4. We 
     not hungry.

     
  5.  you hungry?

     
 
 
 

The positive short forms of "to be"

You can shorten the forms of "to be":
Singular:
  • I am = I'm
  • You are = You're
  • He is = He's/ She is = She's/ It is = It's
Plural:
  • We are = We're
  • You are = You're
  • They are = They're
 
Write the short form of "to be". Don't forget the apostrophe '.
 
 
  1. We
     not hungry.

     
  2. They
     tired.

     
  3. He
     on the plane.

     
  4. I
     thirsty.

     
 
 
 
When you use the forms of "to be" is, am, are, you make a general statement. To negate that statement, you must add "not". It comes after the form of "to be:"
  • I am not
  • You are not
  • She is not
  • We are not
  • You are not
  • They are not
 
Practise the position of the word "not". Decide where it must go.
 
 
  1. We 
     on a train.

     
  2.  a boy.

     
  3. They 
     in a car.

     
  4. He 
     a girl.

     
 
 
 

The negative short forms of "to be": is and are

  • are not = aren't
  • is not = isn't
Note: The form "I am not" cannot be shortened!
 
Practise the negative short forms of "to be". Write them into the gaps:
 
 
 
  1. They 
     (are not) thirsty.

     
  2. She 
     (is not) hungry.

     
  3. We 
     (are not) hungry.

     
  4.  (am not) hungry.

     
 
 
 
 
That was a lot of new grammar! Well done! Continue with pronunciation: the English alphabet
 
 
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