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Vocabulary

Here are the words from the story and some more on the same topics. The vocabulary lists always show:
  • the word, singular and plural
  • the pronunciation
  • the part of speech
  • the definition
  • an example
Sometimes you also find synonyms or antonyms:
  • A synonym is a word that has the same meaning.
  • An antonym is a word that has the opposite meaning.
At the end of each list, you can practise the words with our vocabulary trainer. First, choose the information that you want to be displayed. Then choose if you want to enter the word or the translation. Press "start" and write the solution into the box. Finally, press "enter" to get feedback.
 
 
In this unit you learn words from the following categories:
 

Word List: Basic vocabulary

 

 
 
    • van, vans[væn](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a vehicle used for carrying goods or people, longer and higher than a car but smaller than a truck
    • Example:
      • The van sped down the road.
    • box, boxes[bɒks](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a rectangular container
    • Example:
      • They keep the books in boxes.
    • clothes[kləʊðz](uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • items of clothing, apparel, things you dress in like pants, t-shirts, ...
    • Example:
      • I need new clothes!
    • painting, paintings[ˈpeɪntɪŋ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an illustration or artwork done with the use of paint
    • Example:
      • They have very expensive paintings on the walls.
    • crockery, crockeries[ˈkräkərē](noun)
    • Definition:
      • plates, dishes and other eating and serving tableware, usually made of some ceramic material
    • Example:
      • Can you take out the crockery, please?
    • plate, plates[pleɪt](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a dish from which food is served or eaten
    • Example:
      • We need four plates, but you only set up two.
    • book, books[bʊk](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a collection of sheets of paper bound together at one edge, containing printed or written material, pictures, etc.
    • Example:
      • She opened the book on page 37 and began to read aloud.
    • phone, phones[ˈfəʊn](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a device for transmitting sound in real time across distances
    • Example:
      • I can't call you because my phone is broken.
    • company, companies['kʌmpəni](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a business that manufactures or sells products or provides services as a commercial venture, a corporation
    • Example:
      • Andreas will soon start working for a new company.
    • work[wɜːk](verb)
    • Definition:
      • to do a specific task by employing physical or mental powers
    • Example:
      • She is working in a bar.
    • help[hɛlp](verb)
    • Definition:
      • to provide assistance to someone, to contribute in some way to something
    • Example:
      • She helped her mother to clean the dishes.
    • bring, brought, brought[ˈbɹɪŋ](irregular verb)
    • Definition:
      • to transport something/somebody somewhere
    • Example:
      • Please bring some milk when you go to the shop.
    • need[niːd](verb)
    • Definition:
      • to have an absolute requirement for something, to want strongly, to feel that one must have something
    • Example:
      • You need water to survive.
    • buy, bought, bought[baɪ](irregular verb)
    • Definition:
      • to obtain something in exchange for money or goods
    • Example:
      • Her husband wants to buy a new car.
    • find, found, found[faɪnd](irregular verb)
    • Definition:
      • to get hold of something that was lost, to discover something
    • Example:
      • I found my keys, they were under the couch.
    • eat, ate, eaten[iːt](irregular verb)
    • Definition:
      • to put food into the mouth and swallow it
    • Example:
      • I'm hungry, when do we eat?
    • unpack[ˌənˈpak](verb)
    • Definition:
      • to remove from a package or container
    • Example:
      • They unpacked all their stuff.
 
 
 

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Word List: Time

 

 
 
    • time[taɪ̯m](uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • how much of a day has passed; the moment, as indicated by a clock or similar device
    • Example:
      • Do you know what time it is?
    • what time(Chunk)
    • Example:
      • What time does the train leave?
    • o'clock[əˈkläk](adverb)
    • Definition:
      • designates the time when the minute hand of a clock points to twelve
    • Example:
      • Let's meet at 9 o'clock pm.
    • am(miscellaneous)
    • Definition:
      • before noon (abbreviation of ante meridiem)
    • Example:
      • I usually have breakfast at 8 a.m.!
      • Antonym(s):
        pm
    • pm(miscellaneous)
    • Definition:
      • after noon (abbreviation of post meridiem)
    • Example:
      • I usually go to bed at 10 p.m.!
      • Antonym(s):
        am
    • hour, hours[aʊɹ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a time period of 60 minutes
    • Example:
      • The test takes two hours.
    • minute, minutes[ˈmɪnɪt](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a time period of 60 seconds
    • Example:
      • Just wait a few minutes, please.
    • second, seconds[ˈsɛk.ənd](noun)
    • Definition:
      • one-sixtieth of a minute
    • Example:
      • One minute has 60 seconds.
    • at[ət](preposition)
    • Definition:
      • preposition used to indicate a point of time
    • Example:
      • I see you at 3 o'clock tomorrow!
    • to[tuː](preposition)
    • Example:
      • The train leaves at 10 minutes to 12.
    • past[pɑːst](preposition)
    • Example:
      • The movie starts at 20 minutes past 4.
    • quarter, quarters[ˈkwôrtər](noun)
    • Definition:
      • any one of four equal parts into which something (here: an hour) has been divided
    • Example:
      • School starts at quarter to 8 a.m. (= 7.45 a.m.).
    • half past(Chunk)
    • Example:
      • They have lunch at half past 12 (= 12.30 p.m.).
    • before[bɪˈfɔː](adverb)
    • Definition:
      • earlier in time
    • Example:
      • Call me the day before you come.
      • Antonym(s):
        after
    • after[ˈɑːf.tə(ɹ)](adverb)
    • Definition:
      • later in time, following
    • Example:
      • After work, he goes home and has dinner.
      • Antonym(s):
        before
    • ago[əˈɡəʊ](adverb)
    • Definition:
      • past, gone by, since
    • Example:
      • Two days ago she felt sick.
 
 
Bring the daily routine into the right order via drag and drop.
 
 
  • Peter wakes up at half past 6 in the morning.
     
  • Around quarter past 6 p.m., he usually has dinner with his family.
     
  • Peter usually goes to bed at 10 o'clock at night.
     
  • At 5 o'clock p.m., he finishes work and goes home.
     
  • Peter has lunch at half past 12 p.m.
     
  • At quarter to 8 a.m., he leaves for work.
     
  • 1.
     
  • 2.
     
  • 3.
     
  • 4.
     
  • 5.
     
  • 6.
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Word List: The days of the week

 

 
 
    • Monday, Mondays[ˈmʌn.deɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the 1st day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the 2nd day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • After the weekend, I start work on Mondays.
    • Tuesday, Tuesdays[ˈtjuːzdeɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the 2nd day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the 3rd day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • Peter usually goes swimming on Tuesdays.
    • Wednesday, Wednesdays[ˈwɛdnzdeɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the 3rd day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the 4th day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • There is no school next Wednesday.
    • Thursday, Thursdays[ˈθɜ:zdeɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the 4th day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the 5th day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • I will see you again on Thursday.
    • Friday, Fridays[ˈfraɪdeɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the 5th day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the 6th day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • Friday is the last workday before the weekend.
    • Saturday, Saturdays[ˈsætədeɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the 6th day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the last day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • There is a party Saturday night!
    • Sunday, Sundays[ˈsʌndeɪ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the last day of the week in Europe (and in countries that use the ISO 8601 norm), the 1st day of the week in the USA
    • Example:
      • We usually spend Sunday with the whole family.
 
 
 

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Select the correct day of the week.
 
 
  1. Today is Tuesday. Three days ago it was 
    .

     
  2. Today is Sunday. Two days ago it was 
    .

     
  3. Today is Saturday, so tomorrow is 
    .

     
  4. Two days after Tuesday is 
    .

     
  5. Two days before Friday is 
    .

     
  6. The day after Sunday is 
    .

     
  7. The day before Wednesday is 
    .

     
 
 
 
 

Oppositional adjectives

Adjectives are words that describe a noun or a pronoun. For example: a tall man, a red car, a narrow lane, an open door, a closed window
Some adjectives have opposites, that means that there is an adjective that has a contrary meaning to another adjective.
Here is a list of some examples of oppositional adjectives:
  • big – small
  • tall – short
  • open – closed
  • good – bad
  • new – old
  • beautiful – ugly
  • thick – thin
  • heavy – light
  • hard – easy
  • strong – weak
  • hot – cold
  • full – empty
 
Match the oppositional adjectives via drag and drop.
 
 
  • cold
     
  • small
     
  • short
     
  • ugly
     
  • closed
     
  • easy
     
  • hard
     
  • big
     
  • hot
     
  • tall
     
  • beautiful
     
  • open
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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You learned a lot of new vocabulary! Try to remember it. Continue with grammar: the verb can
 
 
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