The verb "to be"

Verbs are words that describe an action or a state. For example: to go, to run, to be, to have.
The verb "to be" is the most important verb in the English language. These are the forms of the verb "to be":
  • I am
  • You are
  • He, She, It is
  • We are
  • You are
  • They are
Choose the correct form of "to be":
  1.  you hungry?

  2.  He 
     on the plane.

  3.  We 
     not hungry.

  4.  They 

  5.  I 


The positive short forms of "to be"

You can shorten the forms of "to be":
  • I am = I'm
  • You are = You're
  • He is = He's/ She is = She's/ It is = It's
  • We are = We're
  • You are = You're
  • They are = They're
Write the short form of "to be". Don't forget the apostrophe '.
  1.  They

  2.  We
     not hungry.

  3.  He
     on the plane.

  4.  I

When you use the forms of "to be" is, am, are, you make a general statement. To negate that statement, you must add "not". It comes after the form of "to be:"
  • I am not
  • You are not
  • She is not
  • We are not
  • You are not
  • They are not
Practise the position of the word "not". Decide where it must go.
  1.  They 
     in a car.

  2.  We 
     on a train.

  3.  I 
     a boy.

  4.  He 
     a girl.


The negative short forms of "to be": is and are

  • are not = aren't
  • is not = isn't
Note: The form "I am not" cannot be shortened!
Practise the negative short forms of "to be". Write them into the gaps:
  1.  I 
     (am not) hungry.

  2.  She 
     (is not) hungry.

  3.  They 
     (are not) thirsty.

  4.  We 
     (are not) hungry.

Fill in the gaps with the forms of "to be (am, is, are)".
  •  Pedro 
     on the plane. He says: "I 
     thirsty. The stewardess gives him a can of Coke. Anna and Maria are also thirsty. Their drinks 
     two glasses of water. They 
     not hungry.

Learn more ...

  • Dictionary
  • English Dictionary


 Double click on any word  on the page or type a word:

Powered by