Read the text below to find out how lions usually hunt.

How lions hunt

Lions are powerful animals that usually hunt in groups. Although, lionesses can reach speeds of 81 km/h (50 mph), they only can do so for short bursts so they have to be close to their prey before starting the attack. They take advantage of factors that reduce visibility; many kills take place near some form of cover or at night. They sneak up to the victim until they reach a distance of approximately 30 metres (98 ft) or less. Typically, several lionesses work together and encircle the herd from different points. Once they have closed with a herd, they usually target the closest prey. The attack is short and powerful; they attempt to catch the victim with a fast rush and final leap.
Watch the following video to see how lions attack a herd of elephants.
Watch a video of an unusual attack: Lions attack a crocodile.
Learn the new words from the text with the word list below. Afterwards, you can practise the new words with the vocabulary trainer at the end of this page.

Word List: Lions

    • leap(noun)
    • Definition:
      • to jump from one location to another
    • rush(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a sudden forward motion
    • victim(noun)
    • Definition:
      • anyone who is physically harmed by another
    • hunt(verb)
    • Definition:
      • to chase down prey and kill it
    • prey(uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • a living thing that is eaten by another living thing
    • lioness(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a female lion
 
 

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leap
rush
victim
hunt
prey
lioness
 

     
       

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        victim
        anyone who is physically harmed by another
        rush
        a sudden forward motion
        leap
        to jump from one location to another
        hunt
        to chase down prey and kill it
        lioness
        a female lion
        prey
        a living thing that is eaten by another living thing
         
         
         
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