Articles are words that you use with nouns. An article determines the noun. The articles in the English language are the, a, an:
  • the car down the street, the man next to you
  • a book, an apple, a bottle
An article belongs to a noun, but it can also be placed before a number or an adjective: the man, the tall man, the two men, the two tall men.
As you can see, there are two different kinds of articles:
  • the definite article the:
    You use it before a singular or a plural noun when you talk about one or more specific member(s) of a group (things, places or people) that is known to you:
    the tall man, the big house, the man next to me;
  • the indefinite articles a/an:
    You use them before a singular noun when you talk about any general thing:
    a line, a house, a kitchen, a person, an apple, an airport, an idea, an umbrella.
  • You use the article a before nouns/adjectives or numbers that start with a consonant:
    a line, a kitchen, a person, a dog, a book, a tall man, a five-year-old boy, a job interview.
  • You use the article an before nouns that start with a vowel:
    an apple, an idea, an umbrella, an egg, an hour, an eight-year-old girl, an interview.
Choose between the article a and an.
  1.  We will give him 
     book for his birthday.

  2.  They have 
     female English teacher.

  3.  He eats 

  4.  She has 

  5.  She has 
     new armchair.

  6.  There is 
     school around the corner.

  7.  Do you have 
     armchair in your room?

  8.  There is 
     airport close to the city.

Write a, an or the into the gap.
  1.  She is 
     nicest girl I know.

  2.  He works as 

  3.  They have 
     eight-year-old girl.

  4.  city that she likes the most is New York City.

  5.  I need 
     new TV.

  6.  She is 
     nice girl.

  7.  He is 
     best teacher at the school.

  8.  book she bought yesterday is not so good.

Do the words need the article a or an?
  • door
  • eagle
  • eye
  • bike
  • time
  • English book
  • table
  • day
  • adjective
  • arm
  • number
  • opinion
  • information
  • key
  • shop
  • umbrella
  • example
  • week
Write the correct definite article the or indefinite article a into the gaps.
  •  Michael says: "I have 
     best friend. His name is Josh. He lives in 
     small house outside the city. They have 
     beautiful garden behind 
     house is painted blue and there is 
     fence around 
     garden. I love going there. It's so nice and peaceful."

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