Articles

Articles are words that you use with nouns. An article determines the noun. The articles in the English language are the, a, an:
  • the car down the street, the man next to you
  • a book, an apple, a bottle
An article belongs to a noun, but it can also be placed before a number or an adjective: the man, the tall man, the two men, the two tall men.
As you can see, there are two different kinds of articles:
  • the definite article the:
    You use it before a singular or a plural noun when you talk about one or more specific member(s) of a group (things, places or people) that is known to you:
    the tall man, the big house, the man next to me;
  • the indefinite articles a/an:
    You use them before a singular noun when you talk about any general thing:
    a line, a house, a kitchen, a person, an apple, an airport, an idea, an umbrella.
Note:
  • You use the article a before nouns/adjectives or numbers that start with a consonant:
    a line, a kitchen, a person, a dog, a book, a tall man, a five-year-old boy, a job interview.
  • You use the article an before nouns that start with a vowel:
    an apple, an idea, an umbrella, an egg, an hour, an eight-year-old girl, an interview.
Choose between the article a and an.
 
 
  1.  We will give him 
     book for his birthday.

     
  2.  He eats 
     apple.

     
  3.  There is 
     airport close to the city.

     
  4.  She has 
     new armchair.

     
  5.  They have 
     female English teacher.

     
  6.  Do you have 
     armchair in your room?

     
  7.  She has 
     idea!

     
  8.  There is 
     school around the corner.

     
 
 
 
Write a, an or the into the gap.
 
 
  1.  She is 
     nice girl.

     
  2.  She is 
     nicest girl I know.

     
  3.  He is 
     best teacher at the school.

     
  4.  He works as 
     pilot.

     
  5.  book she bought yesterday is not so good.

     
  6.  city that she likes the most is New York City.

     
  7.  I need 
     new TV.

     
  8.  They have 
     eight-year-old girl.

     
 
 
 
Do the words need the article a or an?
 
 
  • shop
     
  • table
     
  • bike
     
  • door
     
  • English book
     
  • number
     
  • opinion
     
  • example
     
  • information
     
  • eagle
     
  • time
     
  • key
     
  • arm
     
  • umbrella
     
  • day
     
  • eye
     
  • adjective
     
  • week
     
a
 
an
 
 
 
 
 
 
Write the correct definite article the or indefinite article a into the gaps.
 
 
  •  Michael says: "I have 
     best friend. His name is Josh. He lives in 
     small house outside the city. They have 
     beautiful garden behind 
     house. 
     house is painted blue and there is 
     fence around 
     garden. I love going there. It's so nice and peaceful."
     
 
 
 
 

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