Articles are words that you use with nouns. An article determines the noun. The articles in the English language are the, a, an:
  • the car down the street, the man next to you
  • a book, an apple, a bottle
An article belongs to a noun, but it can also be placed before a number or an adjective: the man, the tall man, the two men, the two tall men.
As you can see, there are two different kinds of articles:
  • the definite article the:
    You use it before a singular or a plural noun when you talk about one or more specific member(s) of a group (things, places or people) that is known to you:
    the tall man, the big house, the man next to me;
  • the indefinite articles a/an:
    You use them before a singular noun when you talk about any general thing:
    a line, a house, a kitchen, a person, an apple, an airport, an idea, an umbrella.
  • You use the article a before nouns/adjectives or numbers that start with a consonant:
    a line, a kitchen, a person, a dog, a book, a tall man, a five-year-old boy, a job interview.
  • You use the article an before nouns that start with a vowel:
    an apple, an idea, an umbrella, an egg, an hour, an eight-year-old girl, an interview.
Choose between the article a and an.
  1. He eats apple.
  2. We will give him book for his birthday.
  3. Do you have armchair in your room?
  4. There is school around the corner.
  5. There is airport close to the city.
  6. She has idea!
  7. They have female English teacher.
  8. She has new armchair.
Write a, an or the into the gap.
  1. She is nicest girl I know.
  2. city that she likes the most is New York City.
  3. I need new TV.
  4. book she bought yesterday is not so good.
  5. She is nice girl.
  6. He works as pilot.
  7. He is best teacher at the school.
  8. They have eight-year-old girl.
Do the words need the article a or an?
  • number
  • day
  • adjective
  • bike
  • week
  • opinion
  • eagle
  • arm
  • eye
  • table
  • key
  • shop
  • door
  • time
  • umbrella
  • English book
  • example
  • elephant
Write the correct definite article the or indefinite article a into the gaps.
  • Michael says: "I have best friend. His name is Josh. He lives in small house outside the city. They have beautiful garden behind house. house is painted blue and there is fence around garden. I love going there. It's so nice and peaceful."

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