Gerund

The gerund is a verb form that works like a noun. It looks like a normal verb + -ing:
to cook (infinitive) cooking (gerund).

Form

To form a gerund, you add the ending "-ing" to the infinitive form of any main verb:
gerund = infinitive (without to) + "-ing"
Here are a few examples:
   
 
   
 
 
Gerund
 
to go
 
going
 
to walk
 
walking
 
to swim
 
swimming
 
to sing
 
singing
 
to write
 
writing
 
 
 

Use

Gerunds can be used either as subjects or objects (like nouns) or after a preposition.
Used as a subject, it looks like this:
Cooking can take a lot of time.
If it is in the position of an object, it looks like this:
I enjoy cooking.
And if it comes after a preposition, it looks like this:
I have learned a lot about health through cooking.
In the following, you will find a list with several examples of each type.
Function: Subject
  • Running is a hard sport.
  • Sunbathing is not very good for your skin.
  • Riding a bike is better for the environment than driving a car.
  • Watching too much TV is not good for children.
Function: Object
  • Tina enjoys working at her new job.
  • Have you ever considered moving to the United States?
  • Lara has finished reading her book.
  • Andrew misses going out with his friends in England.
After a Preposition
  • I am interested in learning more foreign languages.
  • Janice is proud of being a good sportswoman.
  • Mark is really good at cooking.
  • Albert Einstein is famous for being very clever.
Now it's time you do some work! Read through the text below. Mark the gerunds yellow and normal progressive forms orange!
 
 
 
  • I don't think that skipping school is a good idea.
  • This flower is in danger of dying if you do not give it some water.
  • Finding new friends can be difficult if you don't know anybody.
  • Peter has improved his grades by studying hard.
  • Lisa likes walking through the streets on her own.
  • Listening to music is one of my favourite occupations.
  • I was sitting in the kitchen, when suddenly Mark came in.
  • Lucas could not stop laughing.
 
 
 
 
In the next exercise you have to fill in the gaps by putting the words in brackets into their gerund form!
 
 
  1. Mia is already very excited about 
     to the movies tonight. (to go)

     
  2. I am really sorry for 
     your earrings. (to lose)

     
  3. I am afraid of 
     alone at night. (to go out)

     
  4. My grandma is really clever at 
     new games for children. (to invent)

     
  5. Alfred avoids 
     Ralph whenever he can. (to meet)

     
  6. My dad hates 
     at the doctor's. (to wait)

     
  7. Frances said that there was absolutely no reason for 
     angry. (to be)

     
  8.  has always been Mary's favourite sport. (to dance)

     
  9. Can you imagine 
     in a foreign country? (to live)

     
 
 
 
 

Learn more ...

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