The verb "to be"

Verbs are words that describe an action or a state. For example: to go, to run, to be, to have.
The verb "to be" is the most important verb in the English language. These are the forms of the verb "to be":
  • I am
  • You are
  • He, She, It is
  • We are
  • You are
  • They are
Choose the correct form of "to be":
  1. I thirsty.
  2. They tired.
  3. you hungry?
  4. He on the plane.
  5. We not hungry.

The positive short forms of "to be"

You can shorten the forms of "to be":
  • I am = I'm
  • You are = You're
  • He is = He's/ She is = She's/ It is = It's
  • We are = We're
  • You are = You're
  • They are = They're
Write the short form of "to be". Don't forget the apostrophe '.
  1. They tired.
  2. He on the plane.
  3. I thirsty.
  4. We not hungry.
When you use the forms of "to be" is, am, are, you make a general statement. To negate that statement, you must add "not". It comes after the form of "to be:"
  • I am not
  • You are not
  • She is not
  • We are not
  • You are not
  • They are not
Practise the position of the word "not". Decide where it must go.
  1. We on a train.
  2. He a girl.
  3. I a boy.
  4. They in a car.

The negative short forms of "to be": is and are

  • are not = aren't
  • is not = isn't
Note: The form "I am not" cannot be shortened!
Practise the negative short forms of "to be". Write them into the gaps:
  1. She (is not) hungry.
  2. We (are not) hungry.
  3. I (am not) hungry.
  4. They (are not) thirsty.
That was a lot of new grammar! Well done!