||High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free
Demonyma name for a resident of a locality, often the same as the name of the people's native language
||71,740 km2, 27,699 sq mi
||~ 7 million
Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the north and east, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west and southwest. The country has a tropical climate. The diverseconsisting of many different elements
environment ranges from savannaha tropical grassland with randomly distributed trees
The capital of the country is Freetown. With a population of just over 1 million, it is at the same time the largest city. Freetown is the economic, financial, and cultural centre of Sierra Leone. Other major cities are Bo, Kenema, Koidu Town and Makeni.
Society and culture
The 2009 estimate of Sierra Leone's population is 6.4 million. At the end of 2007, Sierra Leone had a population of 8,700 refugeesa person seeking a state of safety, protection or shelter in another country
. Nearly all of the refugees were Liberian. There are officially fourteen ethnic groups in the country. The two largest and most dominant groups are the Mende and Temne. Each group comprises 30% of the population. The life expectancythe chances of survival according to statistical tables
of Sierra Leoneans is 41 years.
English is the official language. It is spoken in schools, government administration, and is used by the media. Three other languages are present: Mende, Temne and Krio. Mende is mostly spoken in the south, Temne in the north. Krio is the principal spoken language of about 10% of the population but is understood by 95%.
The religious diversity of Sierra Leone has seldomnot often
led to conflict. Followers of Islam are estimated to make up 60% of the population. About 30% of the population are Christians. About 10% follow only African indigenousnative to a region
religion. Only small numbers of people have other faiths like Bahāʾī, Hinduism, and Judaism.
Government and politics
Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic. It has a directly elected president and a unicameralof a government having only one chamber
legislature. The government comprises the Legislaturegovernmental body with the power to make, amend and repeal laws
(the Parliament), the Executivethat branch of government which is responsible for enforcing laws and judicial decisions, and for the day-to-day running of the state
(the President and members of his cabinet) and the Judiciarythe court system and judges considered collectively
. The president is the head of state and the head of government. He is also the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forcesthe military forces of a nation, such as the army, navy, air force and marines
and the Police. The current president of Sierra Leone is Ernest Bai Koroma.
Rich in minerals, Sierra Leone relies onto be dependent on
mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. The country is among the top 10 diamond producing nations in the world. Still, it has historically struggledto have difficulties
to manage their export. About two-thirds of the population engages in agriculture. There is high unemployment, especially among the youth. By the 1990s economic activity was decliningto become weaker, to fall down
. Over the next decadea period of 10 years
much of the economy was destroyed in the country’s civil war. Since 2002, the economy of Sierra Leone has been recoveringto get better