Anthem Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free
Capital Lusaka
Largest city Lusaka
Official language(s) English

Government Republic
Area 752,618 km2, 290,587 sq mi
Population ~ 13 million
Currency Zambian kwacha (ZMK)
Internet TLD .zm


Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. The neighbouring countries are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
The capital city of Zambia is Lusaka. It is located in the south-central part of the country. Lusaka is also the largest city of the country with a population of 1,460,566. Other large cities are Ndola, Kitwe and Kabwe.

Society and culture

The culture of Zambia is mainly indigenous Bantu culture mixed with European influences.


Zambia is a most highly urbanised country. Its population is mainly concentrated around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt to the northwest. Unemployment in these urban areas is a serious problem. Most rural Zambians however are farmers. The population comprises approximately 72 ethnic groups, most of which are Bantu-speaking. Almost 90% of Zambians belong to the nine main ethnic groups: the Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Nkoya and Lozi.


The official language of Zambia is English. It is used to conduct official business and is the medium of instruction in schools. The main local language, especially in Lusaka, is Nyanja. However, Bemba and Nyanja are spoken in the urban areas in addition to many other indigenous languages. All in all, there are up to 72 different languages spoken in Zambia.


According to the 1996 constitution, Zambia is officially a Christian nation. Still, a wide variety of religious traditions exist in the country. Approximately 5% of the population are Muslims with most living in urban areas. There is also a small Jewish community.

Government and politics

Zambian politics take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic. The President of Zambia is both head of state and head of government in a multi-party system. The government exercises executive power, while legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.


About 68% of Zambians live below the recognised national poverty line. The country is among the world's poorest nations. Corruption is widespread. The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper mining industry. The government now tries to promote agriculture, tourism, gemstone mining and hydro-power. In 2003, exports of nonmetals increased by 25% and accounted for 38% of all export earnings.

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