- In general: the second Monday in October
- 2011 date: October 10
- 2012 date: October 8
- 2013 date: October 14
- 2014 date: October 13
- 2015 date: October 12
On Columbus Day, the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas, which occurred on October 12, 1492, is celebrated. Christopher Columbus (31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an explorer, coloniser, and navigator from Italy. Under the auspicespatronage or protection
of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyagesa long journey, especially by ship
across the Atlantic Ocean. These voyages led to the first lasting European contact with America and initiated a period of European exploration and colonisation of foreign lands that had an enormous impacta significant or strong influence
in the historical development of the modern Western world. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of the spreadingto cause to become more widely present
of the Christian religion.
Columbus Day became a federal holiday in 1937. However, people have celebrated Columbus's voyage since the colonial period.
Columbus Day is generally observedto follow the custom
today by banks, the bond marketa financial market where participants buy and sell debt securities
, the U.S. Postal Service and other federal agencies, most state government offices, and some school districts. Some businesses and some stock exchanges remain open, also some states and municipalitiesa district with a government that typically encloses no other governed districts
do not observe the holiday.
Actual observance varies in different parts of the United States, ranging from large-scale parades and events to complete non-observance. Some states close schools and other state services, while others operate as normal.