Wordlist: Mountains, hills and valleys

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Vocabulary List : Learn New Vocabulary

Get an overview of new vocabulary with help from the table. Then take a look at the vocabulary in more detail with definitions and examples in the slideshow.
   
 
   
 
hill
 
an elevated piece of land smaller than a mountain
 
hilly
 
a landscape that has many hills and is not flat
 
mountain
 
a large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land
 
in the mountains
 
 
peak
 
the top of a hill or a mountain ending in a point
 
slope
 
an area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward
 
cliff
 
a vertical (or near vertical) rock face
 
rock
 
the naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust; a mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water
 
steep
 
of a near-vertical gradient; of a slope, surface, curve, etc. that proceeds upward at an angle near vertical
 
stone
 
a hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders
 
volcano
 
a vent or fissure on the surface of a planet (usually in a mountainous form) with a magma chamber attached to the mantle of a planet, periodically erupting forth lava and volcanic gases onto the surface
 
earthquake
 
a shaking of the Earth, caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults; a natural disaster
 
crack
 
a thin and usually jagged space opened in a previously solid material; a narrow opening
 
crack
 
to break apart under pressure; to form cracks
 
valley
 
an elongated depression between hills or mountains, often with a river flowing through it
 
cave
 
a large, naturally-occurring cavity formed underground, or in the face of a cliff or a hillside; a hole, depression, or gap in earth or rock, whether natural or man-made
 
plain
 
an expanse of land with relatively low relief that is flat or gently rolling
 
prairie
 
an extensive area of relatively flat grassland with few, if any, trees, especially in North America
 
desert
 
a barren area of land or desolate terrain, especially one with little water or vegetation; a wasteland
 
 
  • hill
    • hill, hills[hɪl](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an elevated piece of land smaller than a mountain
    • Example:
      • Do you want to walk up the hill?
  • hilly
    • hilly['hɪli](adjective)
    • Definition:
      • a landscape that has many hills and is not flat
    • Example:
      • The landscape around our village is quite hilly.
  • mountain
    • mountain, mountains[ˈmaʊn.tɪn](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land
    • Example:
      • The Rocky Mountains are a major mountain range in western North America.
  • in the mountains
    • in the mountains(Chunk)
    • Example:
      • How about a holiday in the mountains?
  • peak
    • peak, peaks[piːk](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the top of a hill or a mountain ending in a point
    • Example:
      • We were so happy when we finally made it up to the peak.
      • Synonym(s):
        summit, top
  • slope
    • slope, slopes['sləʊp](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward
    • Example:
      • I had to climb a small slope to get to the site.
  • cliff
    • cliff, cliffs[klɪf](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a vertical (or near vertical) rock face
    • Example:
      • Don't walk too close to the cliffs!
  • rock
    • rock, rocks[ɹɒk](noun)
    • Definition:
      • the naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust; a mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water
    • Example:
      • The face of the cliff is solid rock.
      • Synonym(s):
        stone
  • steep
    • steep[stiːp](adjective)
    • Definition:
      • of a near-vertical gradient; of a slope, surface, curve, etc. that proceeds upward at an angle near vertical
    • Example:
      • The slope is very steep.
  • stone
    • stone, stones[stəʊn](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders
    • Example:
      • The wall is made out of stone.
      • Synonym(s):
        rock
  • volcano
    • volcano, volcanos[vɒlˈkeɪnəʊ](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a vent or fissure on the surface of a planet (usually in a mountainous form) with a magma chamber attached to the mantle of a planet, periodically erupting forth lava and volcanic gases onto the surface
    • Example:
      • Mount Etna is a volcano in Italy.
  • earthquake
    • earthquake, eartrhquakes[ˈɜː(r)θˌkweɪk](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a shaking of the Earth, caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults; a natural disaster
    • Example:
      • The earthquake destroyed thousands of homes.
      • Synonym(s):
        quake
  • crack
    • crack, cracks[kræk](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a thin and usually jagged space opened in a previously solid material; a narrow opening
    • Example:
      • A large crack had formed in the roadway.
    • crack[kræk](verb)
    • Definition:
      • to break apart under pressure; to form cracks
    • Example:
      • It's been so dry, the ground is starting to crack.
  • valley
    • valley, valleys[væl.li](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an elongated depression between hills or mountains, often with a river flowing through it
    • Example:
      • The family lives in a peaceful valley in Switzerland.
  • cave
    • cave, caves[keɪv](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a large, naturally-occurring cavity formed underground, or in the face of a cliff or a hillside; a hole, depression, or gap in earth or rock, whether natural or man-made
    • Example:
      • We found a cave on the mountainside where we could take shelter.
  • plain
    • plain, plains[pl̩eɪn](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an expanse of land with relatively low relief that is flat or gently rolling
    • Example:
      • Plains occur as lowlands and at the bottoms of valleys but also on plateaus at high elevations.
      • Synonym(s):
        flatlands
      • Antonym(s):
        mountain
      • Homophone(s):
        plane
  • prairie
    • prairie, prairies['pɹɛəɹi](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an extensive area of relatively flat grassland with few, if any, trees, especially in North America
    • Example:
      • The Central Valley of California is a prairie.
  • desert
    • desert, deserts['dɛzɚt](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a barren area of land or desolate terrain, especially one with little water or vegetation; a wasteland
    • Example:
      • Deserts are often composed of sand and rocky surfaces.
 

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Games and Quiz : Have Fun With Vocabulary

Complete the word by entering the missing letters!
hill
hilly
mountain
peak
slope
cliff
rock
steep
stone
volcano
earthquake
crack
crack
valley
cave
plain
prairie
desert
 
en

     
       

      Guessed right:

         
         
         


        Click on the two cards that belong together!

        Word and Image

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        slope
        slope
        plain
        plain
        in the mountains
        in the mountains
        hill
        hill
        cliff
        cliff
        stone
        stone
        desert
        desert
        hilly
        hilly
        rock
        rock
        volcano
        volcano
        peak
        peak
        earthquake
        earthquake
        crack
        crack
        valley
        valley
         
         
         

        Word and Definition

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        cliff
        a vertical (or near vertical) rock face
        valley
        an elongated depression between hills or mountains, often with a river flowing through it
        hilly
        a landscape that has many hills and is not flat
        prairie
        an extensive area of relatively flat grassland with few, if any, trees, especially in North America
        earthquake
        a shaking of the Earth, caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults; a natural disaster
        cave
        a large, naturally-occurring cavity formed underground, or in the face of a cliff or a hillside; a hole, depression, or gap in earth or rock, whether natural or man-made
        steep
        of a near-vertical gradient; of a slope, surface, curve, etc. that proceeds upward at an angle near vertical
        desert
        a barren area of land or desolate terrain, especially one with little water or vegetation; a wasteland
        hill
        an elevated piece of land smaller than a mountain
        volcano
        a vent or fissure on the surface of a planet (usually in a mountainous form) with a magma chamber attached to the mantle of a planet, periodically erupting forth lava and volcanic gases onto the surface
        in the mountains
        stone
        a hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders
        peak
        the top of a hill or a mountain ending in a point
        slope
        an area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward
        crack
        to break apart under pressure; to form cracks
         
         
         

        Definition and Image

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        earthquake
        a shaking of the Earth, caused by volcanic activity or movement around geologic faults; a natural disaster
        hilly
        a landscape that has many hills and is not flat
        desert
        a barren area of land or desolate terrain, especially one with little water or vegetation; a wasteland
        valley
        an elongated depression between hills or mountains, often with a river flowing through it
        stone
        a hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders
        peak
        the top of a hill or a mountain ending in a point
        slope
        an area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward
        steep
        of a near-vertical gradient; of a slope, surface, curve, etc. that proceeds upward at an angle near vertical
        prairie
        an extensive area of relatively flat grassland with few, if any, trees, especially in North America
        hill
        an elevated piece of land smaller than a mountain
        cave
        a large, naturally-occurring cavity formed underground, or in the face of a cliff or a hillside; a hole, depression, or gap in earth or rock, whether natural or man-made
        in the mountains
        plain
        an expanse of land with relatively low relief that is flat or gently rolling
        rock
        the naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust; a mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water
         
         
         
         

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