Wordlist: Illnesses and diseases - List 3

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Vocabulary List : Learn New Vocabulary

Get an overview of new vocabulary with help from the table. Then take a look at the vocabulary in more detail with definitions and examples in the slideshow.
   
 
   
 
coronary
 
a heart attack
 
food poisoning
 
common term for any food-borne disease, such as salmonella, which causes diarrhea, nausea, fever and abdominal cramps
 
indigestion
 
a common medical condition most often caused by eating too quickly, sometimes causing diarrhea
 
gallstone
 
a small, hard object, in the shape of a pebble, that sometimes forms in the gallbladder or bile duct
 
kidney stone
 
a stony concretion that forms in the kidney
 
tumour
 
an abnormal growth which can be life-threatening, differential diagnosis includes abscess, metaplasia, and neoplasia
 
benign tumour
 
a tumour which is dangerous but can be cured in most cases by taking it out
 
malignant tumour
 
a tumour which is life-threatening and spreads out autonomously and quickly
 
tuberculosis
 
an infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of mycobacterium mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterised by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain
 
AIDS
 
an infectious disease, caused by HIV, that causes the gradual degeneration of the body's immune system
 
cramp
 
a painful contraction of a muscle which cannot be controlled
 
gout
 
an extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints
 
rheumatism
 
any disorder of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones, nerves, characterised by pain, discomfort and disability
 
lumbago
 
backache of the lumbar region or lower back, which can be caused by muscle strain or a slipped disk
 
 
    • coronary[ˈkɒɹən(ə)ɹi](uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • a heart attack
    • Example:
      • Manny had a coronary last week, followed by a triple bypass.
    • food poisoning, food poisonings(noun)
    • Definition:
      • common term for any food-borne disease, such as salmonella, which causes diarrhea, nausea, fever and abdominal cramps
    • Example:
      • Due to bad food poisoning Sue had to throw up every few minutes.
    • indigestion, indigestions(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a common medical condition most often caused by eating too quickly, sometimes causing diarrhea
    • Example:
      • Do you have an idea what caused the indigestion?
    • gallstone, gallstones(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a small, hard object, in the shape of a pebble, that sometimes forms in the gallbladder or bile duct
    • Example:
      • Thank God I haven't had a gallstone yet.
    • kidney stone, kidney stones(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a stony concretion that forms in the kidney
    • Example:
      • The doctor thinks I might have a kidney stone.
    • tumour, tumours[tjuː.mə(ɹ)](noun)
    • Definition:
      • an abnormal growth which can be life-threatening, differential diagnosis includes abscess, metaplasia, and neoplasia
    • Example:
      • I really hope they won't diagnose a tumour.
    • benign tumour, benign tumours(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a tumour which is dangerous but can be cured in most cases by taking it out
    • Example:
      • The doctor diagnosed a tumour but it's a benign tumour.
    • malignant tumour, malignant tumours(noun)
    • Definition:
      • a tumour which is life-threatening and spreads out autonomously and quickly
    • Example:
      • Unfortunately he died of a malignant tumour.
    • tuberculosis(uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • an infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of mycobacterium mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterised by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain
    • Example:
      • Dan suffers from tuberculosis.
    • AIDS(uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • an infectious disease, caused by HIV, that causes the gradual degeneration of the body's immune system
    • Example:
      • AIDS is nowadays a pandemic.
  • cramp
    • cramp, cramps['kɹæmp](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a painful contraction of a muscle which cannot be controlled
    • Example:
      • He had to stop running because of cramp.
    • gout[gaʊt](uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • an extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints
    • Example:
      • Gout was historically known as "the disease of kings".
      • Synonym(s):
        gouty arthritis
    • rheumatism(uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • any disorder of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones, nerves, characterised by pain, discomfort and disability
    • Example:
      • The old man had become a confirmed invalid, confined by chronic rheumatism to his chair.
  • lumbago
    • lumbago(uncountable noun)
    • Definition:
      • backache of the lumbar region or lower back, which can be caused by muscle strain or a slipped disk
    • Example:
      • Lumbago can be very painful.
 

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Games and Quiz : Have Fun With Vocabulary

Complete the word by entering the missing letters!
coronary
indigestion
gallstone
tumour
tuberculosis
AIDS
cramp
gout
rheumatism
lumbago
 
en

     
       

      Guessed right:

         
         
         


        Click on the two cards that belong together!

        Word and Image

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        lumbago
        lumbago
        cramp
        cramp
         
         
         

        Word and Definition

         
        en
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        food poisoning
        common term for any food-borne disease, such as salmonella, which causes diarrhea, nausea, fever and abdominal cramps
        kidney stone
        a stony concretion that forms in the kidney
        benign tumour
        a tumour which is dangerous but can be cured in most cases by taking it out
        tumour
        an abnormal growth which can be life-threatening, differential diagnosis includes abscess, metaplasia, and neoplasia
        gallstone
        a small, hard object, in the shape of a pebble, that sometimes forms in the gallbladder or bile duct
        cramp
        a painful contraction of a muscle which cannot be controlled
        lumbago
        backache of the lumbar region or lower back, which can be caused by muscle strain or a slipped disk
        indigestion
        a common medical condition most often caused by eating too quickly, sometimes causing diarrhea
        rheumatism
        any disorder of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones, nerves, characterised by pain, discomfort and disability
        coronary
        a heart attack
        gout
        an extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints
        AIDS
        an infectious disease, caused by HIV, that causes the gradual degeneration of the body's immune system
        tuberculosis
        an infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of mycobacterium mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterised by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain
        malignant tumour
        a tumour which is life-threatening and spreads out autonomously and quickly
         
         
         

        Definition and Image

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        cramp
        a painful contraction of a muscle which cannot be controlled
        lumbago
        backache of the lumbar region or lower back, which can be caused by muscle strain or a slipped disk
         
         
         
         

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