Wordlist: Illnesses and diseases - List 1

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Vocabulary List : Learn New Vocabulary

Get an overview of new vocabulary with help from the table. Then take a look at the vocabulary in more detail with definitions and examples in the slideshow.
   
 
   
 
hereditary
 
passed from a parent to their children or grand-children in the genes
 
hereditary disease
 
an abnormal condition of the body which is passed from a parent to their children or grand-children in the genes
 
chronic
 
that which continues over an extended period of time, often associated with suffering (long suffering); prolonged or slow to heal
 
contagious
 
easily transmitted to other people
 
bacterium
 
a single celled organism with no nucleus
 
virus
 
a submicroscopic infectious organism, now understood to be a non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, often causing disease in the host organism
 
infection
 
an uncontrolled growth of harmful microorganisms in a host
 
risk of infection
 
the danger of catching a disease from someone else
 
risk
 
the likelihood of a negative outcome
 
take a risk
 
 
spread
 
to extend or become more widely present
 
harmful
 
of a kind likely to be damaging or injurious
 
harmless
 
not capable of causing danger
 
suffer from
 
to feel pain; to become worse
 
 
    • hereditary(adjective)
    • Definition:
      • passed from a parent to their children or grand-children in the genes
    • Example:
      • Haemophilia is hereditary in his family.
    • hereditary disease, hereditary diseases(noun)
    • Definition:
      • an abnormal condition of the body which is passed from a parent to their children or grand-children in the genes
    • Example:
      • Haemophilia is a hereditary disease in his family.
      • Synonym(s):
        hereditary condition
    • chronic['kɹɒnɪk](adjective)
    • Definition:
      • that which continues over an extended period of time, often associated with suffering (long suffering); prolonged or slow to heal
    • Example:
      • Chronic patients must learn to live with their condition.
      • Antonym(s):
        acute
    • contagious[kənˈteɪdʒəs](adjective)
    • Definition:
      • easily transmitted to other people
    • Example:
      • Better don't come too close, the flu is contagious!
      • Synonym(s):
        infectious
      • Antonym(s):
        non-contagious
  • bacterium
    • bacterium, bacteria[bækˈ̚tɪɹiəm](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a single celled organism with no nucleus
    • Example:
      • Bacteria are vital in recycling nutrients.
  • virus
    • virus, viruses[ˈvaɪɹəs](noun)
    • Definition:
      • a submicroscopic infectious organism, now understood to be a non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, often causing disease in the host organism
    • Example:
      • Viruses are the smallest and most simplified forms of life.
    • infection, infections(noun)
    • Definition:
      • an uncontrolled growth of harmful microorganisms in a host
    • Example:
      • The doctor told him he had an infection.
    • risk of infection, risks of infection(noun)
    • Definition:
      • the danger of catching a disease from someone else
    • Example:
      • His family couldn't visit him because of the risk of infection.
    • risk, risks(noun)
    • Definition:
      • the likelihood of a negative outcome
    • Example:
      • Taking regular exercise, coupled with a healthy diet, reduces the risk of several types of cancer.
    • take a risk(Chunk)
    • Example:
      • He took a risk by driving without a safety belt.
    • spread, spread, spread[spɹɛd](irregular verb)
    • Definition:
      • to extend or become more widely present
    • Example:
      • The flu spread quickly in the family.
    • harmful(adjective)
    • Definition:
      • of a kind likely to be damaging or injurious
    • Example:
      • Wear a hat to protect your skin from harmful sunlight.
      • Antonym(s):
        harmless
    • harmless(adjective)
    • Definition:
      • not capable of causing danger
    • Example:
      • Believe me, it's only a harmless sickness.
      • Antonym(s):
        harmful
    • suffer from(phrasal verb)
    • Definition:
      • to feel pain; to become worse
    • Example:
      • She's suffering from cancer.
 

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Games and Quiz : Have Fun With Vocabulary

Complete the word by entering the missing letters!
hereditary
chronic
contagious
bacterium
virus
infection
risk
spread
harmful
harmless
 
en

     
       

      Guessed right:

         
         
         


        Click on the two cards that belong together!

        Word and Image

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        bacterium
        bacteria
        virus
        virus
         
         
         

        Word and Definition

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        harmless
        not capable of causing danger
        take a risk
        hereditary disease
        an abnormal condition of the body which is passed from a parent to their children or grand-children in the genes
        infection
        an uncontrolled growth of harmful microorganisms in a host
        risk
        the likelihood of a negative outcome
        bacterium
        a single celled organism with no nucleus
        risk of infection
        the danger of catching a disease from someone else
        hereditary
        passed from a parent to their children or grand-children in the genes
        contagious
        easily transmitted to other people
        chronic
        that which continues over an extended period of time, often associated with suffering (long suffering); prolonged or slow to heal
        virus
        a submicroscopic infectious organism, now understood to be a non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, often causing disease in the host organism
        suffer from
        to feel pain; to become worse
        spread
        to extend or become more widely present
        harmful
        of a kind likely to be damaging or injurious
         
         
         

        Definition and Image

         
        en
        Tries: 0

        bacteria
        a single celled organism with no nucleus
        virus
        a submicroscopic infectious organism, now understood to be a non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, often causing disease in the host organism
         
         
         
         

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